RESEARCH

Environmental strategies analysis

The strategies of extension of the product's useful life and recovery at the end of life allow a virtuous life cycle, with the following environmental benefits: reduction in raw materials and other resources entering the cycle, recovery of energy resources used in production, and thus improvement in the intensity of their use, and reduction in flows of waste.

In general, the three main strategies of useful life extension are: maintenance, repair, upgrading/adaptation. The main levels of recovery are: reuse, remanufacturing, recycling. Each of these is linked to a different potential of environmental benefit which depends on the different extent of resources reduction obtainable, and different incidence level of the recovery flows in the life cycle.

Various factors influence the suitability of a productís components to be serviced during its use and recovered at different levels. An efficient choice of the best environmental strategies to be applied therefore requires the correct evaluation of all these factors (predicted life span, deterioration in performance, recyclability of materials, separability of components from constructional unit). This type of analysis is therefore essential in the design phase in order to plan an efficient service program to support the whole product's useful life and the possible recovery cycles at the end of life, and for an evaluation of the efficiency of the productís architecture with regards to these strategies.
 

 

 

 


 

Environmental strategies in product life cycle

 

Evaluation and definition of best environmental strategies

 

 


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