RESEARCH

Evaluation of environmental impacts

Design for Environment interprets the new design needs associated with a greater sensitivity to environmental problems, with the intent of integrating the methods of conventional design with new methods and tools directed at environmental protection.

Among these tools, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) can be used to quantify environmental effects associated with a process or product, and consists of three main phases: identification and quantification of the resources used and of the waste generated; evaluation of the impact resulting from the use of these resources and from the emissions produced; analysis and evaluation of possible strategies to reduce these impacts.

The last phase, interpretation and improvement, is of particular interest due to its potential as an intervention to enhance the environmental performance of a product or process. It requires the quantification of the effect that design choices or corrective operations can have on the distribution of the resource flows characterizing all the elementary processes which make up the entire life cycle of the final product.

 

 

 


 

LCA results and design solutions comparison

 

Sensitivity life cycle analysis by design -process parameters

 

 


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