DOCUMENTS

Book

 

 

  January 2006
Catalog no. 2722
ISBN 0-8493-2722-9
 

Although still considered emerging and in some cases radical, the principles of DFE will become, by necessity, the wave of the future in design.
A thorough exploration of the subject, Product Design for the Environment: A Life Cycle Approach presents key concepts, basic design frameworks and techniques, and practical applications.

 

Introduction
Structure of the book

Table of contents
Further details

Front and back cover
Book flyer
 

 

Introduction

In recent years the increased awareness of environmental issues has led to the development of new approaches to product design, known as Design for Environment (DFE) and Life Cycle Design (LCD). According to DFE approach, the most effective interventions guaranteeing the compatibility of an industrial product with the environment are those undertaken in the first phases of product development. This perspective resulted in LCD, a design intervention which considers all the phases of the product’s life cycle (development, production, distribution, use, recovery and disposal) during the entire design process, from concept definition to detailed design development.

Although still considered emerging and in some cases radical, their principles will become, by necessity, the wave of the future in design. A thorough exploration of the subject, Product Design for the Environment: A Life Cycle Approach presents key concepts, basic design frameworks and techniques, and practical applications. It identifies effective methods and tools for product design, stressing the environmental performance of products over their whole life cycle.

The book focuses on one particular aspect in the field of product design research: the need to develop design methodologies which, by optimizing the physical properties of products (architecture, shapes and geometries, junction systems, parts, materials), ensure an environmentally efficient product life, particularly with regard to useful life and recovery at end-of-life, in order to reduce the consumption of resources and limit all emissions involved in the various sub-processes making up the life cycle.

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Structure of the book

The book is divided into an introductory chapter and three parts which present main concepts, basic design frameworks and techniques, important themes and related innovative design methods and tools, practical applications.

Having introduced the concepts of Sustainable Development, Industrial Ecology and Design for Environment as defined in the literature, the life cycle theory and approach are presented and applied in Part I - Life Cycle Approach, defining the main techniques (Life Cycle Design and Management, Life Cycle Assessment). This part also considers the bases of Life Cycle Cost Analysis, for the full integration of the economic problems in product conception and development.

Part II - Methodological Statement includes the main premises and reference models for the process of product design and development, delineating how it is possible achieve an effective integration of environmental aspects in modern product design. In this context particular attention is given to the strategies which can aid the designer achieve the requisites of eco-efficiency in the various phases of the product life cycle, and to how these strategies are closely correlated to the functional performance of the product and its components, and, therefore, to some aspects of conventional engineering design.

In Part III - Methods, Tools and Case Studies, new methods and tools are defined in relation to some issues of Life Cycle Design deserving further analysis, given their effectiveness in the design intervention: characteristics of constructional systems and best life cycle strategies, environmental characterization of materials and optimal choice, design for disassembly and optimal disassembly planning, product recovery-cycles planning and cost-benefit analysis, simulation of product life cycle. Each theme is studied in detail, and some original proposals based on the authors’ experience are introduced. New concepts and tools are implemented in design practice, demonstrating their use and effectiveness in specific case studies.

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Table of contents

FROM SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TO DESIGN FOR ENVIRONMENT
Sustainable Development
Industrial Ecology
Design in the Context of the Environmental Question
Design for Environment
Concepts, Tools and Approaches to the Environmental Question: Overview
Standards and Regulations Oriented Towards Environmental Quality of Products
Summary
References

PART I - LIFE CYCLE APPROACH

LIFE CYCLE APPROACH AND THE PRODUCT-SYSTEM CONCEPT AND MODELING
Life Cycle Concept and Theory
Life Cycle and the Product-System Concept
Product-System and Environmental Impact
Life Cycle Modeling
Product Life Cycle: Reference Model
Summary
References

LIFE CYCLE DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT
Life Cycle Approach in Product Design
Life Cycle Design Oriented toward Environmental Performance of Products
Life Cycle Management
Summary
References

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT
Environmental Analysis and Evaluation of the Life Cycle
Premises, Properties and Framework of Life Cycle Assessment
Fields of Application and Limitations of Life Cycle Assessment
Overview of Practical Approaches and Tools for Life Cycle Assessment
Summary
References

LIFE CYCLE COST ANALYSIS
Cost Analysis and the Life Cycle Approach
Product Life Cycle Cost Analysis
Evolution of Models for Product Life Cycle Cost Analysis
Reference Standards and Codes of Practice
Summary
References

INTEGRATED ECONOMIC-ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS OF THE LIFE CYCLE
Life Cycle Cost Analysis and Environmental Aspects
Environmental Costs and Environmental Accounting
Integration Between LCCA and LCA
Other Approaches to Economic-Environmental Analysis: Eco-Cost Models
Summary
References

PART II - METHODOLOGICAL STATEMENT

PRODUCT DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
Product Design and Development
Product Design
Methodological Evolution in Product Design
Summary
References

INTEGRATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS IN PRODUCT DESIGN
Orientation toward Environmental Aspects in the Design Process
Environmental Strategies for the Life Cycle Approach
Tools and Techniques for Environmental Requirements of the Life Cycle
Integration in Product Development: Proposed Framework
Toward an International Standard: The ISO/TR 14062 Technical Report
Summary
References

LIFE CYCLE ENVIRONMENTAL STRATEGIES AND CONSIDERATIONS FOR PRODUCT DESIGN
Strategies for Improving Resources Exploitation and Determinant Factors
Strategies for Extension of Useful Life and Design Considerations
Strategies for Recovery at End-of-Life and Design Considerations
Product Modularity as a Key Concept for the Application of Environmental Strategies
Summary
References

ENGINEERING METHODS FOR PRODUCT DURATION DESIGN AND EVALUATION
Durability of Products and Components
Fatigue of Materials
Damage evolution modeling
Thermography and the Risitano Method
Summary
References

PART III - METHODS, TOOLS, AND CASE STUDIES

PRODUCT CONSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEM DEFINITION BASED ON OPTIMAL LIFE CYCLE STRATEGIES
Aims and Approach
Method and Tools for Analysis and Design
Optimal Life Cycle Strategy Evaluation Tool
Case Study: System Analysis and Redesign of a Household Refrigerator
Final Remarks
Summary
References

ENVIRONMENTAL CHARACTERIZATION OF MATERIALS AND OPTIMAL CHOICE
Materials Selection and Environmental Properties
Environmental Characterization of Materials and Processes
Summary of Selection Method
Analysis of Production Feasibility
Analysis of Performance
Life Cycle Indicators
Analysis of Results and Optimal Choice
Case Study: Selection of Material for an Automobile Brake Disk
Acknowledgements
Summary
References

DESIGN FOR DISASSEMBLY AND DISTRIBUTION OF DISASSEMBLY DEPTH
Design for Disassembly and Disassembly Level
Distribution of Disassembly Depth
Objectives and Approach to the Problem
Method Statement
Evaluation of Disassembly Depth
Efficiency of Ease of Disassembly Distribution
Case Study: Electromechanical System
Summary
References

OPTIMAL DISASSEMBLY PLANNING
Disassembly Planning
Objectives and Approach to the Problem
Common Structure of the Proposed Tools
Development of the First Tool: Goals of Servicing
Development of the Second Tool: Goals of Recovery
Simulations and Analysis of Results
Summary
References

PRODUCT RECOVERY CYCLES PLANNING AND COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF RECOVERY
Approach to the Recovery Problem
Method for Recovery Cycles Planning
Calculation Models for Recovery Cycles Planning
Case Study: Analysis and Optimization of Heat Exchanger Constructional Systems
Cost-Benefit Analysis of Recovery Cycles
Acknowledgements
Summary
References

METHODOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK AND ANALYSIS MODELS FOR SIMULATION OF PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE
Simulation and the Life Cycle Approach
Approach to the Problem and Methodological Framework
Product Model and Analysis Tools
Definition of Objective Functions
Simulation and Analysis of Results
Summary
References

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Further details

For further details on the book and how to order it, see the publisher website at www.crcpress.com.

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